Hinduism and Cities (Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad, Fall 2010)

Contributed by Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad, Lancaster University

Asher, Catherine. India before Europe, Cambridge: CUP, 2006

Coe, Michael D. Angkor and the Khmer Civilization. New York: Thames & Hudson, 2003

Duncan, James The City as Text: The Politics of Landscape Interpretation in the Kandyan Kingdom, Cambridge: CUP 2005

Eck, Diana Benares: City of Light, Princeton: PUP 1983

Fritz, George and George Michell. New Light on Hampi. Delhi: Marg Foundation, 2001

Hudson, Denis Krishnas Mandala, NY: OUP 2009

Kaul, Shonaleeka Imagining the Urban: Sanskrit and the City, Ranikhet: Permanent Black 2010

Michell, George. Temple towns of Tamil Nadu, Delhi: Marg, 1993/2008

Nanda, V.K. and George Michell (eds) Chidambaram: Home of the Nataraja, Delhi: marg, 2004

Perera, Nihal Society and Space: Colonialism, Nationalism, and Postcolonial Identity in Sri Lanka. Westview Press, 1998

Sachdev, Vibhuti and Giles Tillotson. Building Jaipur: The making of an Indian City. Reaktion Books, 2002

Spodek, Howard and Doris Srinivasan (eds) Urban Form and Meaning in South Asia: The Shaping of Cities from Prehistoric to Precolonial Times, Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art Sudies in the History of Art 1993

Srinivas, Smriti Landscapes of Urban Memory: The Sacred and the Civic in? India’s High-Tech City, Minneapolis: UMP, 2001

Verghese, Anila. Hampi. NY: OUP, 2002


Schlingloff, Dieter: “Arthas’a-stra-Studien. II. Die Anlage einer Festung (durgavidha-na)”. In: Wiener Zeitschrift fr die Kunde Sdasiens 11 (1967), pp. 4485.

Schlingloff, Dieter: Die altindische Stadt, eine vergleichende Untersuchung. Mainz, Verlag der Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur; Wiesbaden : F. Steiner 1969 (Abhandlungen der Geistes- und sozialwissenschaftlichen Klasse / Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, Mainz. 1969, 5.)


The seminal work on Nepalese cities (in the Kathmandu Valley), carried by a team of architects and Indologists since the late Sixties, is:

Niels Gutschow and my late friend Bernhard Koelver on Bhaktapur and other cities in Nepal, see the seminal small book:
B. Klver – N. Gutschow, Ordered Space. Concepts and Functions in a town of Nepal, Wiesbaden-Kathmandu 1975

And in their wake:
Gutschow, Niels. Ritual as mediator of space in Kathmandu/ Nepal, Journal of the Nepal Research Centre, Vol. 1, (Wiesbaden/Kathmandu) 1977

Ritual Space in India. Studies in Architectural Anthropology, ed. J. Piepert, (Art and Archeology research papers) London 1980

Gutschow, Niels. 1982, Stadtraum und Ritual der newarischen Stdte im Kathmandu-Tal : eine architekturanthropologische Untersuchung. Stuttgart : W. Kohlhammer.

Levy, Robert. How the Navadurga Protect Bhaktapur. The effective meanings of a symbolic enactment. Nepalica, hg. B. Koelver u. S. Lienhard, 4/8, [Heritage of the Kathmandu Valley.Proceedings of an International Conference in Lbeck, June 1985; ed. by N. Gutschow and A. Michaels] St. Augustin 1987, pp. 105-134

and sections of his great, underused book MESOCOSM (about the town of Bhaktapur):
Levy, R. I. With the collaboration of Kedar Raj Rajopadhyaya. Mesocosm: Hinduism and the Organization of a Traditional Newar City in Nepal. Berkeley: University of California Press 1990

Herdick, Renee: Kirtipur : Stadtgestalt, Prinzipien der Raumordnung und gesellschaftliche Funktionen einer Newar-Stadt / Reinhard Herdick ; [Vorwort, Eduard F. Sekler] Kln : Weltforum Verlag, c1988.

Kirtipur : an urban community in Nepal : its people, town planning, architecture and arts / editors: Mehrdad Shokoohy and Natalie H. Shokoohy ; contributors: Marc Barani … [et al.]. Published : London : Araxus, 1994.

Various books and articles by Axel Michaels on the Pasupati area and on Benares:

Michaels, Axel. Die Reisen der Gtter : der nepalische Paśupatinātha-Tempel und sein rituelles Umfeld / Axel Michaels ; mit einem Beiheft Paśupitakṣetra – maps of Deopatan / by Axel Michaels and Govinda Tandan ; with drawings by Harald Fritzenktter.
Bonn : VGH Wissenschaftsverlag, 1994.

cf. also sections of his great book: Hinduism : past and present / Axel Michaels ; translated by Barbara Harshav.
Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, c2004.

Toffin, Grard. Panauti, une ville au Npal, Paris, Berger-Levrault, 1981.


Three important studies of Banaras:

Jonathan Parry, _Death in Banaras_

Sandria Freitag, ed., _Culture and Power in Banaras_

Lawrence Cohen, “Holi in Banaras and the _Mahaland_ of Modernity”

I should also add that some of the most interesting work being produced in connection with my own particular interest, the religious production or organization of urban space in contemporary India, takes up Muslim and Buddhist examples. As companion pieces to Smriti Srinivas’s terrific book on Bangalore I would recommend Nicolas Jaoul and Gary Tartakov on Ambedkar parks and statues in urban North India and Mrinalini Rajagopalan on Islamic architecture in Delhi.

See also Living Banaras: Hindu Religion in Cultural Context, Bradley R. Hertel and Cynthia Ann Humes (Albany: SUNY Press), 1993.