On taking on the attitude of “god’s friend” in Hinduism (Bradley Clough, Fall 2003)

Compiled by Bradley S. Clough

-Most won’t be surprised to hear that this is most emphasized in Vaishnava traditions, especially in Krishna/Radha bhakti circles. But seeing one’s relationship with a god in terms of friendship also is prominent in the Ram Rasak Sampraday as well.

-For the Ram Rasik Sampraday, the source recommended to me was Philip Lutgendorf’s *The Life of a Text: Performing the Ramcaritmanas of Tulsidas (Berkeley: U. of Cal. Press, 1990). Conveniently, this work is also available in E-Book format through netLibrary Incorporated.

-The voice most recommended for an articulate exposition in the Vaishnava/Krisna bhakti of the Caitanya school is that of Rupa Gosvami. In David Haberman’s translation of Gosvami’s *BhaktirasAmRtasindhu*, entitled, *Bhanktirasamrtasindhu of Rupa Gosvamin: Two Parts in One* (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 2003), sAkhya-rasa is fully discussed in the “Third Wave: Rasa of Companionable Devotion” (pgs. 468-507).

-sAkhya-rasa is also discussed in Haberman’s *Acting as a Way of Salvation: A Study of Raganuga Bhakti Sadhana* (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 2001).

-on the Vallabhacarya side of Vaishnavism, some vartas from the *Caurasi Vaishnavan ki Varta* are applicable here, and can be found in English translation in Richard Barz’s *The Bhakti Sect of Vallabhacarya* (New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal, 1992).

Thanks go to Richard Barz, Jim Lochtefeld, and Graham Schweig for their input.